Tuesday, July 15, 2014

Summary of 9th juz of the Quran

Recap Juz 9
After narrating these incidents Allâh says, "When your Rabb extracted from the backs of the children of Âdam their progeny and called them to witness over themselves saying, 'Am I not your Rabb?' They replied, 'Certainly! We attest to it.'" (verse 172)
Allâh then says that those people who are greedy and live only to fulfil their desires are like dogs that pant with their tongues hanging out. Allâh has made Jahannam for these people because "They have hearts with which they cannot understand, they have eyes with which they cannot see and they have ears with which they cannot hear. (In fact) They are like animals, but even more deviated." (verse 179)
Allâh tells Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam it that if the Kuffâr call him a wizard or a madman, he should not heed their taunts and should tell them that he is a warner to them and a bearer of glad tidings to those who will accept his message.
Allâh also explains to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam that he should bear the harassment of the Kuffâr with tolerance so that any reaction of his should not obstruct the propagation of Islâm.
In verse 199 Allâh enjoins Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam saying, "Adopt forgiveness, enjoin what is right and ignore the ignorant." In addition to this, Allâh also commands Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam to engage in dhikr morning and evening in the heart as well as verbally.
We should pray to Allâh to grant us the ability to accept the Prophethood of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam both verbally and practically.
May He also grant us conviction in the Âkhirâh and make us among those who can sincerely ask from Him.
Âmîn.
Allâh opens Sûrah Anfâl by discussing the distribution of the spoils of war. Allâh says, "The spoils of war are for Allâh and His messenger." (i.e. Rasulullâh would distribute one‑fifth of the booty among those who were deserving).
Thereafter Allâh invokes man saying, "So fear Allâh, correct your mutual relations and obey Allâh and His Nabî if you are believers." (verse 1).
Allâh then described the true Mu'minîn when He says, "The Mu'minîn are those whose hearts tremble when Allâh is mentioned, whose faith [Imân] increases when His verses are recited to them and they trust only in their Rabb. They are those who establish Salâh and spend from what We have provided for them. These are the true Mu'minîn! For them shall be ranks by their Rabb, forgiveness and bountiful sustenance." (verses 2-4)
Allâh then mentions the assistance that He rendered to the Muslims during the Battle of Badr when He sent thousands of angels to fight with them. Allâh also cast fear into the hearts of the Kuffâr despite their overwhelming numbers.
Allâh then declares that there awaits a severe punishment for those who oppose Allâh and Rasulullâh.
Thereafter, Allâh exhorts the Mu'minîn to fight in Jihâd with fervour. Allâh says, "Oh you who believe, when you meet the disbelievers in battle, do not turn your backs to them" (verse 15).
Allâh says that the person who flees from the battlefield because of cowardice shall draw Allâh's wrath upon himself.
Towards the end of the Juz, Allâh says, "Fight them until no anarchy [kufr] exists and all religion (worship) is for Allâh. So if they desist (from kufr and shirk), then indeed Allâh is watchful over what they do. If they turn away, then know that Allâh is your Protecting Friend. What a terrific Friend and what a terrific Helper!' (verses 39 and 40).
End of the ninth Juz

Summary of 8th juz of the Quran

Recap Juz 8
Allâh commands Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam to announce to the people, "Certainly my Rabb has guided me to the straight path ... Surely my Salâh, all my acts of worship, my life and my death are for Allâh, the Rabb of the universe. He has no partner. With this have I been commanded and I am the first of those who surrender." (Sûrah An'âm, verses 161-163)
The following aspects have been emphasised in this Sûrah:1. Never ascribe any partner to Allâh.2. Treat parents kindly.3. Never slay your children for fear of poverty because Allâh sustains everyone.4. Never even come close to acts of promiscuity and immodesty.5. Never take the life of any person without a legal right to do so.6. Be just when weighing and measuring.7. Always speak the truth and implement justice even though it may impact negatively on one's relatives.8. Keep your word to Allâh and to fellow man.
Much of Sûrah A'râf concerns about the Âkhirah.
In this regard Allâh instructs man to"Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and, leaving Him aside, do not follow other companions" (verse 3). Allâh also says, "We shall definitely question those to whom Ambiyâ were sent and We will surely question the Ambiyâ." (verse 6)
People will be questioned about whether they followed the teachings of the Ambiyâ and the Ambiyâ will also be asked whether they fulfilled the task of propagation and about the attitude of their people.Every person will definitely have to pass the scales to have his/her acts weighed.
Allâh draws man's attention to the fact that rejecting the truth like Qiyâmah and Risâlah [prophethood] is an act of Shaytân.
To illustrate this point, Allâh mentions the disobedience of Shaytân when he refused to prostrate to Hadhrat Âdam when Allâh commanded him to do so.
Allâh warns man not to act in a similar manner. Allâh also mentions that He granted man many favours when He settled him on earth and also granted him honour by commanding the angels to prostrate before his father Hadhrat Âdam Alayhis Salâm.
However, despite all these boons, man is still ungrateful.
Later in the Sûrah, Allâh cautions man not to transgress the limits that Allâh has set because "Allâh does not like those who transgress."
Allâh declares that He has forbidden all acts of immodesty, be they secret or public.
He has also forbidden people from ascribing partners to Him and from ascribing false statements to Him. This is referred to in verse 33 where Allâh says, "And that you say against Allâh what you do not know."
In verse 40 Allâh says, "Indeed those who deny our verses and are arrogant towards them, the doors of the heavens will not be opened to them and they will not enter jannah until a camel enters through the eye of a needle." It will therefore be impossible for them to enter Jannah.
On the other hand, the righteous ones have been promised entry into Jannah. Therefore, the Mu'minîn should respond to Allâh's call with hope in His mercy and fear for His punishment because Allâh's mercy is definitely close to the righteous ones.
Thereafter Allâh relates the incidents of several Ambiyâ and states how the nations of these Ambiyâ refused to accept the truth, thereby inviting Allâh's punishment to annihilate them.
These incidents are intended to be lessons for people so that they accept the message of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam.
End of the eighth Juz

Summary of 7th juz of the Quran

Recap Juz 7
Allâh also draws man's attention to the fact that the person who forbids something that Allâh has permitted will be guilty of following his carnal desires [his nafs] instead of Allâh's injunctions.
An example of this is the concept of monasticism that the Christians devised by which they would totally forsake the world and forbid themselves Halâl pleasures. This concept is incorrect and impermissible.
Allâh also reminds the Mu'minîn that they will be taken to task for every oath that they fail to fulfil.
The Kafâra [atonement] for breaching such a promise is that a person should either feed ten poor people, clothe them, set a slave free or fast for three days.
Allâh also urges Muslims not to take intoxicants, not to gamble and not to divine the future. Allâh declares these acts to be Harâm (temptations) of Shaytân.
Sûrah Mâ'idah mentions how Allâh will question every Nabî about his nation. They will declare that they only did as they were told and that Allâh alone knows the reality of all hidden matters. The Sûrah also mentions the penalty for hunting an animal while in the state of Ihrâm. Of course, every such situation has its own unique set of circumstances, which will necessitate a unique ruling. These matters should be referred to the men of knowledge.
On the Day of Qiyâmah Allâh will remind Hadhrat Îsa Alayhis Salâm about his miraculous birth, about the various miracles that Allâh allowed him to perform and about the favours that Allâh bestowed on him and his mother Hadhrat Maryam (R.A). Allâh will then ask him, "O Îsa, son of Maryam! Did you tell the people, 'Take myself and my mother both as deities instead of Allâh?'"Hadhrat Îsa will deny that he ever encouraged this and will accede, 'You know what is in my heart... I only told them what You had commanded me with i.e. 'Worship Allâh, Who is my Rabb and your Rabb!' ... If You punish them, then verily they are Your slaves, and if You pardon them, then surely You are the Mighty, the Wise.'" (verses 116-118 of Sûrah Mâ'idah).
Sûrah An'âm commences after Sûrah Ma'idah. Allâh mentions that it has always been the practice of the Kuffâr to ridicule the Ambiyâ and to call them wizards. However, Allâh's Dîn will always conquer and rise, while the Kuffâr will suffer a terrible doom for their falsehood.
Whereas Allâh provides sustenance to people and does not require any sustenance from them, other gods cannot provide sustenance for their devotees but rather require sustenance from them.
Allâh exhorts Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam not to be distressed about the aversion of the Kuffâr, but to be patient because Allâh will definitely assist him.
The Sûrâh makes it clear that none will be required to account for the actions of another on the Day of Qiyâmah and every person will be held responsible for his/her own acts. On the Day of Qiyâmah the Kuffâr will come to learn the errors of their ways.On that day, all kingdoms will belong solely to Allâh and none shall have any say in any matter.
After describing how Hadhrat Ibrahîm recognised Allâh as his true Deity, Allâh tells the Quraysh of Makkah that his people denied him just as they (the Quraysh) deny the message of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam.
The conclusion is drawn from this that the Quraysh also stand to face the same destructive consequences as the people of Hadhrat Ibrahîm Alayhis Salâm did.
Allâh also points out that the worst oppressor is the one who lies about Allâh and who rebels against Allâh's commands. Oppressors will never be successful, especially in the Âkhirâh. Allâh has promised that the Day of Qiyâmah shall take place.
Allâh advises the Women never to swear the gods of others so that they do not retort by swearing Allâh.
End of Seventh Juz

Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Summary of the 6th juz of the Quran

Recap Juz 6
The final section of Surah An-Nisaa returns to the theme of the relationship between Muslims and the "People of the Book" (i.e. Christians and Jews). The Quran warns Muslims not to follow in the footsteps of those who divided their faith, added things to it, and went astray from the teachings of their prophets.
As discussed before, much of Surah An-Nisaa was revealed shortly after the Muslims' defeat at the Battle of Uhud. The very last verse of this chapter outlines the rules for inheritance, which was immediately relevant to the widows and orphans from that battle.
The next chapter, Surah Al-Ma'ida, opens with a discussion of dietary laws, pilgrimage, marriage, and criminal punishment for certain crimes. These provide a spiritual framework for laws and practices that were enacted during the early years of the Islamic community in Madinah.
The chapter then continues to discuss the lessons to be learned from previous prophets, and invites the People of the Book to evaluate the message of Islam. Allah warns believers about mistakes that others made in the past, such as discarding part of a book of revelation, or making religious claims without knowledge. Detail is given about the life and teachings of Moses as an example.
One of the central themes of Sûrah Mâ'idah is that the laws of the Sharî'ah must be revered and upheld.
In explaining this, the following injunctions have been highlighted:
1. Hunting is prohibited after entering into the ihrâm.
2. Halâl animals may be consumed only when they are slaughtered in Allâh's name. Haram lists as:*Carrion is Harâm, *as is the flesh of pigs,*those animals that have been slaughtered in the name of any being besides Allâh,*those animals that have been throttled,*those that were beaten to death,*those that fell to their deaths,*those killed by collision, and*those that died after being attacked by wild beasts.
3. Allâh tells man that he should never attempt to foretell the future by means of omens and other means of divining because such acts are the practice of sinners.
All good and evil are in Allâh's control. Allâh tells the Muslims that they should have firm faith in their Dîn of Islâm which Allâh has perfected, thereby completing His enormous bounty on them. Therefore, Muslims should uphold the sanctity of Islâmic injunctions and critically distinguish between the lawful and the unlawful. Muslims are enjoined to abstain from evil and to be grateful.
Sûrah Mâ'idah contains laws that relate to man's religious, civil, social and political life. This Sûrah contains detailed guidance about:The etiquette of the Hajj journey
Revering the landmarks of Dîn
The perimeters of Halâl and Harâm
Marriage and interaction with the Ahlul Kitâb [Jews and Christians]
The laws of Wudhu, Ghusl and Tayammum
Dealing with rebellion
The punishment for robbery and theft
The prohibition of liquor and gambling
The Kafâra [atonement] for breaking vows and
The detailed laws concerning testimony.
Allâh ordains that the hand of a male or female thief is to be cut off. The Muslims are also warned against taking the Jews and Christians as friends.Allâh makes it clear that the belief in the 'Trinity' constitutes kufr and that enmity and hatred for the Muslims have been entrenched into the hearts of the Kuffâr until Qiyâmah.
Allâh entreats Rasulullâh Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, not to be grieved about the disbelief of the Kuffâr because he is not responsible for them.
Sûrah Mâ'idah also states that Jannah is forbidden for the Mushrikîn and that oppressors will have none to aid them against Allâh.Allâh says that those people of the past who adhered to the divine religions of their times will attain salvation if they firmly believed in Allâh and in the Day of Qiyâmah.
End of the Sixth Juz

Saturday, July 5, 2014

Summary of the fifth juz of the Quran


via Mufti Elias
Ramadan Quran Reading Program
Recap of Juz 5
The laws pertaining to marriage and dowry are discussed. Allâh enumerates all those women whom a person cannot marry, as well as those whom he is allowed to marry.
Allâh also states that the stipulated dowry may be increased or decreased after marriage with the mutual consent of the couple.
While it is permissible to take a profit from a mutually agreed contract of sale, extortion and oppression are forbidden in all circumstances. Jahannam will be the punishment for committing these grave sins. When a person abstains from major sins and carries out good acts, his minor sins are forgiven.
Allâh also says that a wife may be disciplined if she is disobedient and cannot be controlled. However, it is a grave sin to search for her faults so that she can be disciplined.If discord creeps into marriage and the couple cannot reconcile by themselves, an arbiter should be appointed to settle the matter.
Furthermore, Allâh states that a humiliating punishment will seize people who are miserly and ungrateful.
With regard to the laws Salâh, Allâh mentions that Salâh may not be performed in a state impurity and in a state of intoxication. It is a major sin to perform Salâh in any of these conditions.
If water is not available for wudhu for a bath, a person may purify himself for Salâh by making Tayammum.
Allâh exhorts Muslims to return to the rightful owners the trusts of others that they have in their possession, and that they should abstain from oppression and treachery.
Allâh also commands the Mu'minîn to wage jihâd, emphasising that martyrdom is an exalted position and that fear for death is an act of cowardice.
Man is told in this part of Sûrah Nisâ that testimony should be given truthfully and in unambiguous terms even though it may have adverse repercussions on oneself or on one's family members.
Another statement of extreme importance is the verse where Allâh declares that although He may forgive any sin, He will never forgive the act of shirk.
Main points of dis juzz...
1. This Surah focuses on what people have been fighting for for centuries and that on women's rights. It changes how people perceive women and it does that 1400 years ago, when women were looked upon as commodities, abused, and didn't have a high social status within the society.
2. This Surah made it clear that women are honourable in the society and not to be taken advantage of.
3. Hence, within this Juz, Allah touches upon how to maintain domestic affairs and moving on to communal affairs. Allah teaches us how to be just individuals even at the expense of our own benefit, making sure that justice comes first at all times.
Domestic Affairs
1. Allah explains the structure of the Muslim family. In the family, Allah made the men the supervisors of the home. They are managers over the women, not dictators.
2. Allah gave them that position due to the virtue that Allah has extended to them and the financial responsibilities that they have towards the women. The women don't have any financial responsibilities towards the men but the men have every form of financial responsibilities towards the women.
3. So Allah has given the men the responsibility of managing the affairs of the house with kindness.
4. If there are problems in the relationship, Allah shows us what disciplinary measures we should adopt. This must be understood correctly and within context. Otherwise, people will display an ugly image of Islam that wasn't intended to be so in the first place.
5. The disciplinary measures are - in the order of occurence -a. counsel her, if that doesn't work thenb. separate the bedding from her (to show disapproval of certain actions), if that doesn't work thenc. strike her.
Step c needs to be understood correctly and to do so we must go to the teachings of the Prophet because hiis Sunna explains the Quran. When talking about this verse and in particular about the striking of the wife, he said that the man must do so in a fashion that will not cause any injury whatsoever. Not even a scratch is suppose to come upon them.

Step c is the last step in the disciplinary procedures. If step a and b are done properly, there is really no need to resort to the last step. The Prophet never had to resort to the last step with his wives. The Prophet never raised his hand to a woman, any woman.
Communal and Spiritual Affairs
1. We worship Allah alone.2. We are good to our parents.3. We are good to our close relatives.4. We are good to our neighbours.5. We are good to the travelers.6. We are good to the poor.etc.
We extend goodness to them. Allah doesn't like people who are arrogant. If we are humble, Allah will raise us.
Justice
1. To maintain social stability, justice must be served at all times.
2. Allah tells us to establish justice for His sake, even if it costs us our own welfare. If we've done something wrong, do not justify it or cover it up. If we have done injustice, we need to own up to it and take the heat.
3. There may be short term repercussions for it, but there will be long term benefits from it. If we want to run away from short term repercussions and gain short term benefit, then we will experience long term repercussions.
4. Fix the problem and learn from mistakes.
5. Polygamy is allowed in Islam, but this practice wasn't introduced by Islam. It's regulated by Islam.
6. We will not do proper justice to all the women we want to marry even if we're eager. So Allah says not to be inclined to one and leave the other(s) suspended.
7. If you are afraid of being unjust, then marry just one.
8. Islam is not promoting polygamy, but it's regulating it so that justice is served for all.

End of Fifth Juz

Friday, July 4, 2014

Summary of fourth juz of the Quran

Summary of the fourth juz of the Quran
by Mufti Elias
via the Ramadan Quran Reading Program
Recap of Juz 4
The Christians were just as opposed to Islâm as the Jews were. Therefore, Allâh instructed Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam to issue a challenge of Mubâhala to them. The term 'Mubâhala' is a challenge between two opposing factions where each gathers his family members and they collectively invoke Allâh's punishment on the opposite faction saying, "O Allâh! Curse the party of us that is false and lying."However, the group of Christians whom Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam challenged shrank in fear from the challenge.
This part of Sûrah Âl Imrân discusses both the Battle of Badr as well as the Battle of Uhud. During the Battle of Badr the Muslims were only 313 in number and did not even have sufficient arms to fight with. On the other hand, the Mushrikîn were over a thousand and were armed to the teeth.
However, Allâh sent thousands of angels to assist the Muslim army and they convincingly vanquished the enemy. This battle was the first battle that the Muslims fought.
To avenge their defeat at Badr, the Mushrikîn of Makkah mustered large force to attack Madinah the following year. The two armies locked in combat near Mount Uhud.
The Muslims were on the brink of victory when a dispute between some Muslims resulted in their defeat.
Instead of remaining at their posts as instructed, they left their posts to gather the booty. As a result of this, victory was turned into bitter defeat and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam sustained a serious injury to his face.
The Munâfiqîn [hypocrites] also plotted against the Muslims and made every effort to cause discord within the ranks of the Muslims. In this part of Sûrah Nisâ, Allâh points out the weaknesses of the Muslims and provides corrective measures to remedy them.
Allâh also mentions the people who misinterpret the verses of the Qur'ân to meet their own ends. Such people are warned about a terrible punishment from Allâh. Allâh also forbids the Mu'minîn from taking the Kuffâr as their confidantes.
Allâh emphatically prohibits false oaths and miserliness. Allâh also declares that a person's family and wealth are tests for him and should not be regarded as the criteria for salvation.
Salvation can be attained only by developing Taqwa. The Mu'min sincerely believes in the Qur'ân, begs Allâh for his needs in all sincerity and does not seek payment from people for reciting the Qur'ân. The rewards for the pious Mu'minîn are secure with their Rabb in the Âkhirâh, where they will definitely receive it.
Allâh exhorts the Mu'minîn to remain steadfast on the battlefield when confronted by the enemy and not to falter in their tracks. Allâh also praises the gentle temperament and excellent character of Rasulullâh towards the Muslims, a factor that contributed greatly towards the spread of Islâm.
The following guidance for social reformation is given:
1. Allâh strictly prohibits unlawful earnings and extorting money and property from others. For example, Allâh enjoins people to fully restore the wealth and property belonging to orphans. Allâh also cautions the guardians of orphans against substituting the good possessions of the orphans with their inferior ones.
2. Allâh makes it clear that a man is limited to only four wives at a time. Allâh also tells man that he should rather have only one wife if he fears that he would be unable to deal justly with them all. Due and amicable payment of dowry is emphasised in this Sûrah along with the specific shares of inheritance that heirs are to receive. Of course, Allâh clarifies that the settlement of debts is of paramount importance before dissolving any estate.
3. To purge society of the filth of adultery and fornication, Allâh has ordained that when four upright persons testify to witnessing any of these acts, those found guilty must be severely punished. Allâh also emphasises the importance of Taubah [repentance], which will be accepted only when it is sincerely done before a person's dying moments.
End of Fourth Juz

Summary of the third juz of the Quran

Summary of the third juz of the Quran
by Mufti Elias
via the Ramadan Quran Reading Program

Recap of Juz 3
This summary of the third Juzz commences at verse 253 of Sûrah Âl Baqara and concludes at verse of 91 of Sûrah Âl Imrân.
Beginning of Third Juz
Allâh declares all interest-related transactions to be undeniably Harâm towards the end of Sûrah Baqara.
The Sûrah also relates the incidents of two Ambiyâ Alayhimus Salâm whose hearts Allâh put at ease when He demonstrated to them how He resurrects the dead.
Throughout Sûrah Baqara, Allâh repeatedly emphasises the importance of pondering over the verses of the Qur'ân. At the very end of the Sûrah, Allâh teaches man the method of making du'â as well as the words to be used.
The first eighteen verses of Sûrah Âl Imrân make it clear that only Allâh is worthy of worship, that the Day of Qiyâmah will certainly dawn and that the people will definitely be rewarded and punished for their actions.
Allâh tells mankind that the Qur'ân was revealed to distinguish between truth and falsehood.
Allâh also speaks of the Battle of Badr in this Sûrah. If the Mu'minîn were to ponder about the stunning victory that the Muslims earned in this battle, they can learn volumes about Allâh's power. The true Mu'minîn are defined as people who persevere through hardships, who spend their wealth in Allâh's way and awaken during the latter part of the night to beg pardon from Allâh.
Allâh speaks of Hadhrat Îsa Alayhis Salâm and his mother Hadhrat Maryam Radiallâhu anha. When she was placed in the care of Hadhrat Zakariyya Alayhis Salâm he noticed that she used to eat fruits that were not in season.
Upon enquiry, she told him that it was from Allâh who sustains whomsoever He wills without any restrictions.
This Sûrah mentions the miraculous birth of Hadhrat Îsa Alayhis Salâm from Hadhrat Maryam Radiallâhu anha without a father.
As an infant in his cradle, Hadhrat Îsa spoke to the people and attested to his miraculous birth.
This was just one of his many miracles that are mentioned in this Sûrah.
Allâh assures people that Hadhrat Îsa Alayhis Salâm was neither killed nor crucified, but that he was lifted alive to the heavens.
Rasulullâh Sallallâhu 'alayhi wasallam has informed us that Hadhrat Îsa Alayhis Salâm shall return to this world just before Qiyâmah to slay Dajjâl. He will then pass away naturally.
However, the Christians adamantly believe that he was crucified.
The third juzz ends with an implication that no disbeliever shall never avoid any torment of Allah even if he ransoms himself with an earths fill of gold it would be of no use...
And not any intercesssion or compensation will save him from the torment of fire.